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Does my child need a sports physical in Mississippi?

Does my child need a sports physical in Mississippi?

youth sports physical mississippi, girl playing tennis

Springs sports swung into action weeks ago while summer and fall sports prepare for tryouts, sign-ups, and early practices. In Mississippi, March and April present beautiful months (when it doesn’t rain every day) where you can find a sports competition or practice of just about any sport you like. If your child plans to participate in a new season of sports or a new sport altogether, read on to learn about how a sports physical isn’t just necessary but could save their life.

What’s the difference between a sports physical and an annual wellness exam?

A sports physical focuses on the aspects of your child most likely to be affected by active play. These aspects include your child’s joints, breathing, heart rate, blood pressure, etc. Annual wellness exams cover a broader spectrum of your child’s wellbeing. This exam often includes blood and urine tests, questions about your child’s academic performance, nutrition, sleep habits and behavior.

Each type of exam focuses on a specific aspect of your child’s wellbeing and both are necessary. The Mississippi High School Athletic Association has a Mississippi Athletic Participation Form your school will hand out for your child’s provider to complete. This exam should catch major health issues that might affect your child’s participation. However, it will not catch other problems only discovered through an annual exam.

Annual exams, on the other hand, may not discuss injury prevention for your child’s sports or how to prevent dehydration or overuse. For your child’s healthiest future, ensure your child receives both exams.

Who should complete my child’s sports physical?

Many schools hold physical days on campus. However, others may drive student-athletes off campus to low or no cost physical days. During these events, physicians or nurse practitioners see hundreds of athletes. Your child will receive a quality sports physical at a low cost in a convenient way, making these events very popular. If your child is unable to participate in these events, your regular medical providers can provide the same service at a reasonable fee.

A benefit to having your child’s regular provider perform the sports physical is a continuity of care. That means one provider who knows your child’s medical history can provide care specifically for your child in a less rushed atmosphere. Continuity of care is especially important if your child has an illness that can affect their athletic performance. Some of those illnesses include asthma, allergies to stinging insects, diabetes or other illnesses.

When should my child have a sports physical?

Most schools require a physical every calendar year. As your child grows they will experience different challenges and health risks. A physical each year screens for those changes. We suggest your child complete their physical at least six weeks prior to starting a new activity. If your provider notices a problem and refers your child to a specialist you have time to see the specialist and determine treatment (if needed) before the start of tryouts, practice or games.

School physicals usually begin as students enter the seventh grade. Children participating in sports earlier than this age should also undergo a sports physical to ensure they are performing at their optimum best.

What does a sports physical involve?

During a sports physical, your provider evaluates your child’s:

  • Medical history
  • Family history
  • Height and weight assessment
  • Vision exam
  • Musculoskeletal exam
  • Cardiac screening (pulse rate and blood pressure)

What if they find a problem?

Most sports physicals result in an approved form after a 20-30 minute visit with your provider. If your child’s physical returns an issue, your provider will likely refer your child to a specialist. It could be something as simple as a referral to an optometrist for glasses or a recheck of blood pressure in a week or two.

Providers rarely bar children completely from playing a specific sport. The majority of issues found in a sports physical can be treated in a way that allows your child to continue participation.

What should we bring for the exam?

Be prepared to complete information on your family history of illnesses and your child’s medical history. This includes hospitalizations, injuries, and surgeries. Remember to bring a list of all your child’s regular medications. If your child wears glasses make sure they have those for the exam.

In short, if your child intends to participate in a sport this summer or fall, now’s the time to schedule a sports physical. Our providers are prepared to complete this exam for your child and to provide follow up care if needed.

 

What to Expect During a Sports Physical

sports physical

You can feel it in the air. Spring is almost here. Everyone is no longer cooped up in their homes, and spring sports can begin! Before your child joins a team, be sure they’ve had their spring sports physical.

The purpose of a sports physical is to determine if your child is can take part in certain sports. Most states require children and teens have a sports physical before they can start a new sport or begin a new competitive season. Even if sports physicals aren’t required, they’re still recommended by medical professionals. Mississippi does require sports physicals.

Sports physicals help your medical care provider discover and treat problems that could interfere with your child’s sports participation. For example, if a child prone to asthma attacks is playing football this year, that child might need a different inhaler or a change in their dose. These changes are to ensure the child can breathe easily while running.

Usually, a sports physical consists of two parts: medical history and a physical exam.

Medical History

The medical history part of the exam includes questions about:

  • serious illnesses among family members
  • illnesses that your child had when they were younger or may have now, such as asthma, diabetes, or epilepsy
  • previous hospitalizations or surgeries
  • allergies (to insect bites, for example)
  • past injuries (including concussions, sprains, or bone fractures)
  • whether your child has ever passed out, felt dizzy, had chest pain, or had trouble breathing during exercise
  • any medications that your child takes (including over-the-counter medications, herbal supplements, and prescription medications)

These questions are usually on a form you fill out and send back to school. You can find the Mississippi Athletic Pre-participation Form compiled by the Mississippi High School Activities Association here.

Physical Examination

During the physical part of the exam, the medical health professional will usually:

  • record your child’s height and weight
  • take a blood pressure and pulse (heart rate and rhythm)
  • test your child’s vision (screened with glasses/contact lenses)
  • check your child’s heart, lungs, abdomen, ears, nose, and throat
  • check your child’s posture, joints, strength, and flexibility

Most of the exam will be the same for males and females, but if your child has started or already gone through puberty, the medical care professional may ask girls and guys different questions. For example, a healthcare provider may ask a girl about her period and diet to ensure she doesn’t have the female athlete triad (poor nutrition, irregular or absent period, and weak bones). A healthcare professional may also ask an older student about the use of drugs, alcohol and dietary supplements like performance enhancers.

Sports physicals help protect athletes by preventing problems on the field and court before they happen. Mantachie Rural Health Care offers thorough physicals and promptly supplies the documentation you need. If your son or daughter needs a sports physical please contact Mantachie Rural Health Care at (662) 282-4226.


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