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What is PTSD? Know the Signs and Symptoms

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health disorder caused by trauma. The trauma can be mental or physical or both. It can happen to anyone but is common among soldiers and victims of violence or emotional abuse. Illnesses can also cause PTSD.

Signs and Symptoms 

If you’ve experienced trauma, watch for these signs. PTSD can occur immediately after the event or years later. The types of symptoms include intrusive memories, avoidance, negative changes in mood and changes in physical and emotional reaction. 

Intrusive memories

  • Recurring, unwanted memories of the event.
  • Reliving the event in flashbacks.
  • Upsetting nightmares.
  • Severe emotional distress or reaction to something that reminds you of the event. 

Avoidance

  • Avoiding thinking about it or talking about it.
  • Avoiding people, places, or activities that remind you of the trauma. 

Negative changes in mood

  • Negative thoughts about yourself and others or the world
  • Hopelessness
  • Memory trouble
  • Trouble maintaining relationships
  • Feeling detached from others
  • Lack of interest in activities you once enjoyed. 
  • Feeling emotionally numb

Changes in Reactions

  • Always on guard
  • Easily startled
  • Self-destruction like using drugs or alcohol
  • Difficulty concentrating and sleeping
  • Guilt or shame
  • Outbursts

In children 6 years or younger

  • Reenacting events in play
  • Terrifying nightmares

The feelings can be intense and you should seek outside help to learn to cope and move on. Mantachie Rural Healthcare offers behavioral health services including counseling for PTSD. Don’t suffer alone, get help now. Click here to schedule an appointment

Men’s Health Tips

Men are notorious for avoiding the doctor.  But not taking care of yourself and skipping the doc’s office will send you to an early grave. Follow these men’s health tips for a long life. 

Eat Well. 

A healthy, well-balanced diet is key to keeping your body in good condition and running strong. A healthy plate is colorful and contains protein, green veggies, and grains. Drink lots of water and you’ve got what it takes. 

Stop tobacco use. 

It’s no secret tobacco is terrible for your entire body. If you use, find a way to quit. Even if you don’t succeed the first time, try again. It’s worth the hard weeks and months to get your lungs and heart healthy. 

Get moving. 

Join a gym, a bicycling club, or gardening club to stay active. Walking is one of the best workouts and it’s free! You need at least two hours of aerobic cardio a week to stay fit. Yoga also works out tired muscles and keeps your body flexible. It’s not just a woman’s workout…men can benefit, too. 

Get rid of the gut. 

Following a healthy diet and staying active will cure a flabby belly. Perhaps you don’t mind your gut but it’s actually a sign of heart and other possible health problems. Talk to your provider before beginning a new diet or workout regimen. 

Buckle up.

Seatbelts save lives. Use it every time you get into the car. Accidents are a common killer of men. Don’t become a  statistic. While we’re talking about safety, remember to wear safety glasses when you work and a helmet on a bike and other moving toys. Don’t drive recklessly and pay attention. 

You have a long life ahead of you. Enjoy every minute of it with a healthy body. These tips get you started, but to maintain your health remember to visit your doctor for yearly check-ups. If you’re one of the thousands of men without a primary care physician, we’ve got you. Our providers are always accepting new patients.

Meet Our New Behavioral Health Provider Elizabeth Duncan, PMHNP

Elizabth Duncan, PMHNP,  has always had a desire to help people. It’s no wonder that she’s put that desire to work for 46 years as a nurse. She’s spent 28 of those years as a family nurse practitioner and 14 years as a psychiatric nurse practitioner. 

“I love helping people. It’s not a job, it’s something I enjoy. I can help them get well if they want to get well,” said Duncan.

Duncan moved to Batesville in 2005 where she worked with Region 4 Mental Health before moving to Itawamba County to help care for her mother-in-law who suffers from Alzheimer’s disease. Duncan worked for Right Track in 2020 before joining the Mantachie Rural Healthcare staff in 2021. 

Much of Duncan’s psychiatric work consists of treating patients with depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, PTSD, sleep issues, and school and life issues. Duncan says patients often come in with challenges that have made them cautious about getting treatment. Those challenges include failure with other providers. Duncan encourages her patients to try one more time if they were unhappy with their first appointment. 

“I’ve never seen anyone I couldn’t help, if they wanted to be helped,” she said. 

Duncan says another big challenge for both patient and provider is trust. Patients often face difficulty trusting their provider with their private and personal problems. For Duncan and other professionals in her field, the challenge is getting the patient to open up and be real about the issues they are facing. 

Duncan wants her current and future patients to know that she is available and here to help. She wants to help her patients have better functioning lives and to know that she truly cares about them and getting them the help they need.

When asked about her most memorable experience as a psychiatric nurse practitioner, Duncan said that moment happened on her last day working in Corinth. She had been caring for a patient who was going to be placed on disability. The patient had both physical and psychiatric health issues. 

He told Duncan, “I might as well not have been alive. You were my last hope.” 

That patient is now working as a manager a large plant. 

When she’s not treating patients, Duncan, who grew up on a farm, enjoys gardening in her raised beds and when time allows, fishing. 

As you can see, Elizabeth Duncan is a caring provider who will go the extra mile to help her patients get better and live a full life. To schedule an appointment with Duncan, dial 662-262-4226 or click here.

Family Fitness Tips

An unhealthy family is an unhappy family. We’re not being dramatic. Studies show that unfit, unhealthy people are prone to anxiety and depression. Take a leadership role in getting your family fit with these health tips. 

Be the example.

Nothing teaches your kids healthy habits like seeing you follow them yourself. Let them see you working out, staying active, and eating well. It’s guaranteed to inspire them to do the same.

Serve healthy meals. 

Young children are still developing their palates so be patient if they refuse to eat their veggies at first. “Sneak” in healthy foods if you can’t get them to eat by making fun meals like butternut squash mac n cheese and buffalo cauliflower. Make healthy pizzas together on thin crusts made of pita and other healthier choices than flour (try cauliflower!) and let the kids toss on the healthy veggies. Avoid unhealthy toppings like pepperoni and sausage. Go for tomatoes, peppers, spinach, and other veggies. Cheese is okay, you need dairy in your diet. Just avoid adding extra to your pie. 

Find fun ways to stay active. 

Sign everyone up for a fun class like Zumba or Yoga so you can stay fit together. Join a bicycling group or walking club. Head outside to the garden and teach your kids about science while getting healthy and showing them how fun it is to grow your own food. 

Make a schedule.

You’re more likely to do exercise or attend a fitness class if it’s on the calendar. Add it in with your ball games and recreational classes to make sure you do it. 

Set fitness goals. 

Again, you’re more likely to do it if you’ve set a goal to achieve. Make your goals simple and easy to follow so you don’t get overwhelmed and quit. Build up to harder goals to keep it going. 

Keep your feet healthy.

Happy feet move better. Lotion them up, have your partner massage them and vice versa and do it regularly. 

Don’t skip working out because you’re stressed. 

That’s an even better motivation to work out your problems. Wallowing and avoiding moving will send you to an anxious, depressive place. Avoid it by staying active and eating healthy. 

Don’t forget Doggo. 

Walking the dog is a perfect way to keep your pets fit and you, too. Daily walks are necessities for dogs to be happy and healthy. What better way to start working out than with the best puppy partner ever?

You’re off to a good start by reading this article. Now take those tips and get the family moving!

What You Need to Know About Children’s Mental Health

Children’s mental health affects all aspects of their lives including their physical health, school success, and success at work and in society. However, out of the estimated 15 million children who could be diagnosed with a mental disorder, only 7 percent will receive the professional services they need. One way to increase this number and get more children the appropriate care is through education about children’s mental health disorders. 

Factors Affecting Children’s Mental Health

Several risk factors can affect a child’s mental health. Some children are born with genetic and biological factors which increase their risks for mental health disorders. Environmental factors like a child’s home life and where they live can also put them at a greater risk. Relationships with family members, teachers, fellow classmates, and other important people in a child’s life affects their mental health as well. 

Most Common Types of Children’s Mental Health Disorders

Understanding the signs and symptoms of mental health disorders affecting children helps parents to get their child the help they need. The following conditions are the most common children’s mental health disorders diagnosed today. 

  • Anxiety
    • Signs of anxiety include being afraid when away from parents and extreme fear of specific situations.
    • Social anxiety in school and fear of the future or of bad things happening are also common symptoms. 
    • Children with anxiety may suffer from repeated panic disorder episodes with symptoms including but not limited to sudden, unexpected, extreme fear, trouble breathing, pounding heart, and/or dizziness, shakiness, or sweating. 
  • Depression
    • Symptoms include feeling sad, hopeless, or irritable. Other signs are:
    • Changes in sleeping or eating habits.
    • Changes in energy, from being tired or sluggish to tense or restless.
    • Inability to focus or concentrate.
    • Feeling worthless, useless, or guilty.
    • Infliction of self-injury or self-destruction.
  • ADHD
    • Signs of ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) such as a lack of focus and forgetting things easily are also accompanied by other symptoms such as:
    • Being prone to daydreaming often.
    • Impulsiveness
    • Fidgeting and/or talking too much
    • Trouble getting along with others
    • Making careless mistakes
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
    • OCD consists of having unwanted thoughts, images, or impulses that occur over and over again causing stress or anxiety. 
    • Other obvious signs include having to think or do something over and over again or perform a ritual following certain rules to stop obsessive thoughts. 
  • Oppositional Defiant Disorder
    • Children who act out so seriously that their behavior causes problems at home, school, or with peers may be diagnosed with ODD.
    • Behaviors of ODD include often being angry or easily losing one’s temper, arguing with adults or refusing to comply with rules set by authority figures, and being resentful or spiteful.
    • Children with ODD may also be easily annoyed by others or attempt to annoy others themselves, and they may also blame others for their mistakes or misbehaviors. 
  • Conduct Disorder
    • Conduct disorder occurs when a child persistently shows a pattern of aggression towards others and violates rules and social norms at home, school, and among peers.
    • Children with conduct disorder may display behaviors such as running away from home, staying out past curfew, skipping school, lying, causing damage to other people’s property, and being aggressive toward others. 
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
    • Some children recover quickly from trauma while others suffer long-term effects with a condition known as PTSD, or post-traumatic stress disorder.
    • Signs of PTSD include reliving the traumatic event over and over again, having nightmares or difficulty sleeping, and becoming upset over memories of the event.
    • Other symptoms may also occur such as intense, ongoing sadness, irritability, angry outbursts, and being easily startled. 
    • Children with PTSD may also become withdrawn or lack positive emotions. 

If you believe your child is suffering from a mental health disorder Mantachie Rural Healthcare can help. Dial 662-282-4226 to request an appointment with our behavior health specialist. 

Celebrities Who Have Survived a Stroke

What do celebrities Frankie Muniz, Emilia Clarke, and Randy Travis have in common, aside from fame? They’re all survivors of stroke. 

A stroke occurs when blood supply to the brain is suddenly reduced or interrupted, preventing oxygen and nutrients from getting to the brain. Stroke is the third leading cause of death in the United States and someone suffers a stroke every 40 seconds. Every 4 minutes, someone dies of a stroke. The celebrities mentioned in today’s blog survived their strokes but many other celebrities haven’t been so lucky. 

Randy Travis

One of country music’s most famous and adored voices nearly lost his voice for good following a massive stroke in 2013. The stroke came on the heels of being admitted to the hospital for viral cardiomyopathy caused by a severe viral upper respiratory infection. Travis did not sing again until three years later in 2016. He took another break from singing due to the stroke’s lingering side effects but recorded new music and performed a short tour in 2019 and 2020. 

Emilia Clarke

Just as she was on the brink of achieving major celebrity status with her new starring role as Daenerys Stormborn of House Targaryen in the hit HBO series, Game of Thrones, Emilia Clarke was facing a secret health battle that nearly took her life in 2011 and 2013. The very young actress was still in her 20’s when she suffered her first stroke during a workout in 2011. Clarke wrote about her harrowing experience and how she continued to feel poorly after the stroke in a 2019 New Yorker article. Clarke was diagnosed with a brain aneurysm, but the doctor didn’t feel it was large enough to be treated at the time. Two years later in 2013, Clarke was rushed to the hospital for emergency surgery on the aneurysm which had grown and erupted. During surgery, Clarke suffered her second stroke. Thankfully, Clarke recovered and has been feeling much better since recovering from stroke #2. 

Frankie Muniz

The former Malcolm in the Middle star enjoyed a successful career as a child actor and was continuing to find success as an adult when he suddenly suffered a stroke at age 26 in November 2012. Sadly, one year later, Muniz had another stroke which incurred memory loss. Muniz had forgotten his roles on Malcolm in the Middle and other films. Muniz took some time off work to recover and has been healing nicely ever since. 

Sharon Stone

Sharon Stone was in the height of her career when a stroke sidelined her at age 43. Stone suffered an aneurysm followed by nine days of cerebral hemorrhaging in 2001. As a result, the Basic Instinct actress lost her ability to read, and she developed a stutter. Determined not to let her illness mark the end of her storied career, Stone worked with therapists to recover her ability to read and speak, and she is currently enjoying success from her new book, The Beauty of Living Twice

Samantha Morton

British actress Samantha Morton says she was “close to death” after her stroke in the mid-2000s. The actress took a year and a half off to recover before returning to work. 

Larry King

Larry King is one of the most well-known voices in the history of news media. That’s why the entire world was watching to see if King would survive his nearly fatal stroke in 2019. The news anchor, now in his late 80s, managed to recover and has returned to work. 

Why Women Need Annual Traditional and Gynecological Health Exams

Heart disease. Cancer. Stroke. Diabetes. All are among the top ten killers of women in the US and most can be prevented or cured when caught early. These diseases are just a few that women are tested for when they schedule their annual health exam. However, many women fail to schedule a traditional annual health exam each year because they consider their annual gynecological exam to be sufficient. 

The Difference Between a Women’s Annual Gynecological Exam and a Traditional Health Exam

Many women assume their annual gynecological check ups to be all they need as far as yearly wellness checks are concerned. However, a gynecological exam typically only consists of a pelvic exam, a Pap smear, and a breast exam. A mammogram and additional women’s health tests may also be performed if you are at a higher risk for certain conditions and illnesses. 

What to Expect During a Pelvic Exam, Pap Smear, and Breast Exam

Pelvic exams are performed to determine if the uterus, ovaries, cervix, and bladder are in good health. This exam includes a visual and manual check to find any signs of a problem. Pap smears are usually performed at the same time as the pelvic exam. This is a screening test for cervical cancer that involves swabbing the cervix to find abnormalities in cervical cells. 

Manual breast exams are performed in women between ages 20 – 40 during their annual gynecological visit. This exam finds lumps and other abnormalities in the breast that could be signs of breast cancer. Women aged 40 and up also receive a mammogram, an x-ray of the breasts that finds changes in breast tissue and other symptoms of cancer. 

What to Expect During a Traditional Annual Health Exam

Gynecological exams focus on a woman’s reproductive and breast health while a traditional wellness exam takes an overall look at physical and mental health. Women can expect a physical exam, blood tests, and to discuss their personal and family health history with their provider. This is also the best time for women to share any mental health concerns with their providers so they can begin addressing the issue. 

Women’s Health at Mantachie Clinic

We offer comprehensive annual health exams as well as women’s pelvic exams and Pap smears at Mantachie Rural Healthcare. We also have in-house mental health professionals in case you and your provider determine you need more assistance in treating your concerns. You may schedule these visits in the same appointment or at different times. We encourage you to schedule these important exams each year to help us keep you in the best health possible. Click here or dial 662-282-4226 to schedule an appointment now. 

The Dangers of Kids Buying Drugs Online

In February 2021, famed therapist and radio host, Dr. Laura Berman experienced a nightmare no parent ever wants to go through. She found her sixteen-year-old son lying unresponsive on his bedroom floor from a drug overdose. Paramedics were unable to revive him, and on February 9, Samuel Berman Chapman lost his young life.  The Berman-Chapman family is one of many who have suffered the dangers of kids buying drugs online.

Berman revealed in an interview that her son died of an overdose on the dangerous synthetic opioid fentanyl and that he purchased the drug online. As tragic as this story is, it’s far from the first of its kind. In 2016, the death of two Utah teens made headlines when their baffling deaths were revealed to be caused by the drug U-47700. Police found evidence that the teens had purchased the drug online after searching through their social media accounts. Known on the street as “pink” or “pinky”, U-47700 is the same drug found in the home of the late music legend, Prince, at the time of his death. 

Fentanyl and U-47700 are just two of several deadly synthetic drugs that can be purchased online. One of the many dangers of these drugs is that they typically contain much higher amounts of the drug than advertised. This is why so many purchasers have overdosed or died from an overdose. Synthetic drugs are more readily available because chemists can easily duplicate recipes for the drugs and recipes found on the internet. However, since the pandemic, authorities have also seen an increase in the sales of heroin, cocaine, and other popular recreational drugs on social media as drug dealers have had to find more creative ways to keep business going during lockdowns and quarantines. 

Signs Your Child May Be Purchasing Drugs Online

You may want to give your child privacy but monitoring their online activities at any age is key to protecting them from buying drugs and other dangerous online behaviors. Knowing the behavioral signs of a child ordering drugs online can help you recognize the warning signs and just may save your child’s life. Here’s what to look for:

  • Displaying secretive behavior when online such as quickly turning off computers or clicking off a web page when you or another adult enters the room.
  • Lying or deceitful behavior especially if your child doesn’t typically engage in deceit.
  • Suddenly receiving packages or going out and returning with packages they don’t want to open in front of you.
  • Sudden increase in spending or missing money. 
  • Spending more time alone in their room and locking the bedroom door. 
  • General signs of drug abuse like drastic changes in behavior and changes in sleep habits. 

What You Can Do to Teach Your Kids the Dangers of Buying Drugs Online

Prevention is always the best method for stopping anything deadly, including drug abuse. Even if your child has already participated in buying and using online drugs you can stop further efforts. Prevent your kids from buying drugs online by:

  • Keeping communications lines open and staying aware of what’s happening in your teen’s daily life. Talk with them about what’s going on in their lives and keep note of their behavior or any changes in their behavior.
  • Helping them understand the consequences of drug use and purchasing unknown drugs. Tell them the truth about the dangers of overdosing and death associated with overdose. 
  • Monitoring their online searches and social media accounts.
  • Monitoring any packages they receive, especially ones from unrecognized senders.

Do you suspect your teen or preteen is using or buying online drugs? Mantachie Rural Healthcare can help get your child back on track with our behavioral health services. Get help now by dialing 662-282-4226 to request an appointment. 

Minority Health and Diabetes

minorities and type 2 Diabetes

Two 2018 reports from the Office of Minority Health outlined the higher rates of type 2 diabetes among minorities than non-Hispanic white Americans. Specifically, non-Hispanic African-Americans were 60 percent more likely to be diagnosed with diabetes than non-Hispanic white Americans. Non-Hispanic black Americans were also twice as likely to die from diabetes as non-Hispanic Caucasian Americans. In the same year, Hispanics in the U.S. were 70 percent more likely to be diagnosed with diabetes than white Americans and they were also 1.3 times as likely to die from the same disease as non-Hispanic whites. 

Why are minorities in America more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than white Americans? 

Social disparities among minorities are the most common culprits. The inability to afford or access healthy foods as well as poor access to healthcare providers and gyms are just a few reasons why minorities struggle to maintain their health. These struggles are especially evident in rural areas where public transportation and access to local medical providers are few and far between. 

What is the healthcare community doing to help minorities have better health?

The CDC has implemented several programs to address social health disparities among minorities. They have partnered with private and public organizations to develop the National Diabetes Prevention Program. However, enrollment among minorities into this program has been low so the CDC has also funded 10 national organizations to start new in-person and online programs in underserved areas. Participants of the program work with a trained lifestyle coach to learn how to eat healthily, exercise properly, and make good lifestyle choices.  

While national organizations like the CDC are doing what they can to bring better health to minorities across the US, Mantachie Rural Healthcare is doing our part to provide diabetes care and education to all people groups in our rural community, including minorities. We offer an income-based sliding scale for healthcare, free monthly diabetes education courses, and access to a dietitian and other health professionals to help our patients learn how to become healthy. To schedule your first visit with us, dial 662-282-4226 or click here to request an appointment. 

The Difference Between a Sports Physical and Annual Physical and Why Your Child Needs Both

Each year in the spring, young Mississippi athletes all over the state head to their family medical provider’s office for their annual sports physical. Sometimes, the sports physical is the only exam a young athlete will undergo in a year, but children need more than a sports physical to determine the accurate state of their health. 

In addition to a sports physical, your young athletes also need an annual physical exam each and every year. The good news is that most providers will allow you to schedule these important exams at the same appointment. The providers at Mantachie Rural Healthcare can not only see your children at our clinic for their annual physical and sports physical, but we can also take care of these exams at our school-based clinic at Mantachie School which means parents don’t need to miss work for their child’s appointment. 

What to Expect at a Sports Physical

A sports physical focuses on your child’s current health status and medical history to ensure your child is healthy enough to take the field. Their provider will also review pre-existing injuries and assess your athlete’s current fitness level. Areas of focus during a sports physical include:

  • Height and weight
  • Vision and hearing 
  • Heart health
  • Blood pressure
  • Muscle and bone health 
  • Flexibility and strength

What Happens During a Pediatric Annual Physical

Annual physicals take a more in-depth look at your child’s overall health. In addition to their physical health, annual exams also focus on the developmental, emotional, and social aspects of your child’s health. Areas of focus in an annual physical for children include:

  • Health history
  • Immunizations
  • Lab work if needed
  • A behavioral and developmental screening if necessary
  • Nutrition and sleep habits
  • Preventative health
  • Adolescent issues

Their provider will take a look at your child’s overall health history as well as your family’s medical history. They may also discuss important factors in your child’s development such as puberty, healthy relationships, peer pressure, and drug and alcohol use. 

Need to schedule your child’s annual exam and sports physical? Dial or 662-282-4226 to schedule an appointment at our clinic, or if your child attends Mantachie schools, contact the school’s office to request a form to send your child to our school-based clinic. 


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